Hemophilia in children is a hereditary disease that manifests itself in periodic bleeding due to a malfunction of the blood coagulation system.
Blood coagulation occurs with the participation of 12 factors. If any factor is absent or its level is reduced, the blood coagulation process is violated.
Three types of hemophilia are distinguished:
hemophilia A (classic) – lack of antihemophilic globulin – factor VIII; Continue reading
Our body is a very complex system, where millions of various biochemical processes continuously occur. In order for it to work smoothly, it is necessary to maintain certain constant parameters: body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, etc. The constancy of the parameters of the internal environment of the body is called homeostasis. As soon as a failure occurs somewhere and the balance is disturbed, various diseases and pathologies arise. Continue reading
Proteins are the main material that our body consists of. Lack of proteins leads to serious consequences, up to disruption of all organs and systems.
What is protein and why does the body need it
Protein is an organic substance made up of amino acids that are linked together by a chain. In living organisms, there are 20 amino acids in total, but thanks to various combinations, they form the whole variety of proteins. Continue reading
What does thick blood mean
Blood is a biological fluid consisting of liquid plasma, in which in certain quantities in suspension there are cells – red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, the so-called shaped elements. Due to them, blood has a certain density, or viscosity, which is defined as the ratio between these cells and blood plasma. This ratio is called hematocrit, or hematocrit. Normal hematocrit values are 0.40–0.48 for men and 0.36–0.46 for women.
When we say “thick blood”, we mean that it has increased viscosity, that is, the hematocrit is increased. Continue reading
Blood donation, that is, voluntary blood donation for those who need it, is a noble cause. After all, your blood can save a person’s life. But often people are afraid to donate blood: they are afraid that it is unhealthy, that it hurts, that they can become infected, etc. Let us try to answer the most common questions regarding blood donation.
Can all be donors?
No, not all. A person can become a blood donor:
at the age of 18 to 60 years;
weighing at least 50 kg;
a citizen of the Russian Federation or living in Russia for at least a year on legal grounds;
not having medical contraindications to donation. Continue reading